Hugues de Payens -first Grand Master of the Templar Order
The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Latin: Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici) it was the organisation witch was created in 1118 (or in 1119/1120 like some history proffesors said) in Holy Land by Hugo de Payens. He was a knight from Champagne in France. He was born in 1080 in Payn near the Troyes. He was a crusader in 1104 and 1114 A.D. After the last crusader (in 1114) he decided to stay in Holy Land. Hugo de Payens and several knights: Godfryd de Saint-Omer, Godfryd d’Eygorande, Nicolas de Neuvic, Jean d’Ussel, Jean de Meymac i Pierre d’Orlean approached King Baldwin II of Jerusalem and Warmund, Patriarch of Jerusalem, and proposed creating a monastic order for the protection of these pilgrims. King Baldwin and Patriarch Warmund agreed to the request, probably at the Council of Nablus in January 1120, and the king granted the Templars a headquarters in a wing of the royal palace on the Temple Mount in the captured Al-Aqsa Mosque. The Temple Mount had a mystique because it was above what was believed to be the ruins of the Temple of Solomon. The Crusaders therefore referred to the Al Aqsa Mosque as Solomon's Temple, and it was from this location that the new Order took the name of Poor Knights of Christ and the Temple of Solomon, or "Templar" knights.
"A Templar Knight is truly a fearless knight, and secure on every side, for his soul is protected by the armour of faith, just as his body is protected by the armour of steel. He is thus doubly armed, and need fear neither demons nor men.(...)"
De Laude Novae Militae—In Praise of the New Knighthood
|Hugues de Payens|